Head-to-Head: Colocation vs. Cloud – Weighing the Pros and Cons
While colocation data centers and the cloud refer to two different types of computing infrastructure – they both provide hosting services for companies to store their data and run their digital or IT applications.
The cloud doesn’t really reside in the atmosphere but rather on the ground in a data center run by a cloud service provider such as Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, or Google Cloud. Businesses pay for space within the cloud providers’ data centers. Colocation data centers are owned by third-party companies that run high-performance facilities with space shared across multiple tenants.
Both cloud data centers and colocation are large buildings with computers stored at optimal temperatures for longevity. The most defining characteristic to differentiate colocation and cloud is that in colocation, customers control their IT equipment and can designate the regional location where their IT servers reside. In cloud environments, customers leverage the storage and hosting but do not own the equipment or select the geographic region for their compute to be stored.
With the speed technology changes and the rapid pace of new innovations, it can be tough to decipher which data center makes the most sense for you or your business. Ultimately, the cloud and colocation can both be highly advantageous depending on the needs of the individual or the business.
While they have some similarities, there are also significant differences between the two. Understanding the similarities and differences is the best place to start when comparing your options.
How Colocation Empowers Your Business With Secure Customizable Solutions
Colocation refers to a type of data center service where a business rents physical space for its servers and other computing hardware rather than maintaining its own data center.
The business is responsible for purchasing and maintaining its hardware. The data center provides the redundant power, advanced cooling, and critical connectivity necessary to keep the hardware running and network ecosystems to keep workloads interconnected. As mentioned above, customers can select the geographic location where their data is stored and utilize private networks to connect multiple data center environments or even connect workloads to cloud providers with cloud on-ramps.
The critical scenarios where colocation is a better choice than cloud follow the main benefits of colocation:
Infrastructure Management. By using a colocation service, companies can use the provider’s expertise in data center operations and security while maintaining control over their equipment. Colocation also provides scalability and flexibility, allowing businesses to easily add or remove hardware as needed.
Additionally, colocation can be more cost-effective than building and maintaining an in-house data center, as the physical facility and infrastructure costs are shared among multiple customers.
Customization. Providers such as Element Critical differentiate themselves in the marketplace by providing solutions teams for customers to discuss every aspect of their requirements and build a footprint that accommodates the businesses’ specific requests.
Colocation data centers allow companies to customize their hardware and software to their exact specifications. Colocation providers offer variations in space from single cabinets, secure cages, to dedicated and private data halls for customers who want to add additional security protocols to their space.
Solutions architects and vendor partners can also customize a colocation data center space to accommodate advanced or liquid cooling, different configurations, added office space to augment the data center environment, and more. This level of control over equipment and creativity over space is not possible with cloud data centers, which have standardized configurations.
Cost: Depending on the company’s specific needs, colocation can be more cost-effective than cloud data centers. For example, if a company has a lot of legacy hardware that is already paid for, it may be cheaper to house that hardware in a colocation facility rather than migrate it to the cloud. Colocation services are also based on stable power consumption; over time, businesses realize the investment of ownership, while cloud costs can rise significantly with increased data traffic and usage.
Security. Colocation data centers also typically offer multiple layers of security measures, such as locked cabinets, surveillance cameras, and access barriers. These measures protect the hardware and restrict access. While cloud providers provide vital security features, some companies prefer to maintain complete control over their security measures. In a colocation data center, the company has complete control over its security measures and can customize them to its specific needs.
Autonomy. One of the main benefits of colocation is that it allows businesses to have complete control over their hardware and the data stored on it. This control includes designating the geographic location of the data center assets for low-latency transmissions, which can be particularly important for industries that require stringent security measures. In a cloud data center, the security measures are provided by the cloud service provider, and businesses have less control over them.
This is important for businesses with strict security and compliance requirements or needing to customize their hardware. Control also benefits organizations that want to establish private network configurations or wish to refrain from transmitting data across the public internet.
Unlocking The Potential of Colocation: Real-World Examples of How Businesses Benefit From Data Center Services
Colocation is an ideal solution for businesses of various sizes and industries that require a secure, customizable, and scalable data center infrastructure. However, the following businesses are among the best use cases:
Enterprise Businesses: Businesses have seen significant acceleration in digital transformation initiatives and colocation is increasingly popular for businesses that require increased levels of IT security, greater uptime performance and power reliability, increased network connectivity and access to network ecosystems, and companies aiming to reduce capital expenditures and overhead costs with a cost-effective solution. Plus as businesses scramble to augment their digital transformation with expertise, colocation data centers offer a comprehensive solution and access to managed services to augment business capabilities.
E-commerce and Online Retailers: E-commerce and online retailers rely heavily on their IT infrastructure to manage their online stores, process orders, and manage their supply chains. Colocation can provide these businesses the flexibility, security, and scalability they need to effectively manage their data center infrastructure.
Healthcare Providers: Healthcare providers are required to comply with strict regulations governing data storage and access. Colocation providers offer high levels of security and compliance, making them an ideal solution for healthcare providers looking to manage their data center infrastructure while maintaining regulatory compliance.
Financial Services: Financial services companies require high-performance and secure IT infrastructure to process transactions and manage sensitive customer data. Colocation can offer these businesses the scalability, reliability, and security they need to support their critical business operations.
Gaming and Media: Gaming and media companies require high-performance infrastructure to manage large volumes of data, support streaming services, and offer a seamless user experience. Colocation can provide these businesses with the network connectivity, bandwidth, and processing power they need to meet their requirements in geostrategic locations.
Scaling Made Simple – How Colocation Empowers Businesses to Adapt Their IT Infrastructure Quickly
Colocation also allows businesses to scale their computing resources up or down as needed since they are not tied to a specific hardware configuration. This can be especially useful for businesses because owning the equipment enables scalability under a predictable cost model. Compute can be spun up more rapidly with the cloud but over the longer term it is more expensive.
For example, if a business experiences a sudden increase in traffic in colocation, the network capacity can be scaled to meet demand. Plus, the business can utilize the total bandwidth purchased versus competing for network traffic over the public internet.
Sudden traffic increases can be more expensive for cloud usage than colocation because cloud providers typically charge based on usage, which can quickly become costly during peak traffic periods. When traffic spikes, cloud users may have to pay additional fees for extra bandwidth or resources to handle the increased demand.
In contrast, colocation providers often offer flexible pricing models that allow businesses to scale their infrastructure up or down as needed. This means businesses can easily adjust their resources to meet changing demands without incurring additional costs.
Furthermore, many colocation providers offer shared resources, such as power and cooling infrastructure, which can be more cost-effective than investing in dedicated resources for short-term spikes in demand. This shared infrastructure can also be more efficient, as it is designed to support multiple customers and can be optimized for high-density workloads.
Understanding Cloud Computing And Its Benefits For Business
On the other hand, the cloud refers to a type of computing infrastructure, storage, databases, software, and analytics delivered over the internet.
Instead of hosting their own hardware, businesses can use cloud-based services to access computing resources on demand via third-party providers such as Amazon, Azure, or Google Cloud. The providers maintain both the infrastructure and the servers required to deliver these services. Services can be accessed from anywhere with an internet connection.
The main benefits of the cloud make it a good fit for businesses that need to be agile, flexible, and scalable. Startups, small and medium-sized businesses, and businesses with fluctuating demand can benefit from the cost savings and scalability of the cloud. Businesses that need to scale their computing resources up or down quickly are able to do so without the need to purchase and maintain additional hardware. Additionally, businesses with distributed teams or remote workers can benefit from the accessibility of the cloud, allowing them to work from anywhere with an internet connection.
The cloud also offers high reliability and uptime since it is managed by professional service providers responsible for maintaining the infrastructure. Uptime may perform better than in-house data centers, but cloud providers often build downtime expectations into their contracts or service level agreements (SLAs), so customers need to understand the reliability thresholds prior to expecting 100% uptime.
However, the cloud can also be more expensive than other options, especially for businesses that need a large amount of computing resources on a continuous basis. Cloud providers typically charge based on usage, which can quickly become expensive for businesses with high levels of traffic or large amounts of data. While cloud providers often offer flexible pricing models and discounts for long-term usage, these costs can still add up for businesses that rely heavily on cloud services.
Colocation pricing typically involves a fixed monthly fee for space and power within a data center, along with additional fees for network connectivity and other services. This pricing model is often referred to as “pay for use” or “metered billing,” where customers only pay for the resources they use. Colocation providers typically offer a range of options for power density, space, and connectivity, allowing customers to choose the services that best fit their needs.
Cloud pricing is often based on a combination of factors, including the amount of data stored, the amount of data transferred in and out of the cloud, the number of virtual machines (VMs) or instances used, and the processing power required. In contrast, cloud pricing is typically based on usage, with customers paying for the resources they consume, such as storage, processing, and data transfer. Cloud providers may also offer different pricing tiers or plans, with varying levels of features and support.
One of the key benefits of colocation pricing is predictability. Customers know exactly how much they will pay each month for their data center space and power, making budgeting and financial planning easier. Colocation pricing can also be more cost-effective for businesses with high bandwidth or power requirements, as network connectivity and power costs may be lower than in the cloud and customers are not charged for data leaving the storage environment.
Cloud pricing, on the other hand, offers more flexibility and scalability. Customers can quickly and easily scale their usage up or down as needed without having to worry about infrastructure or capacity planning. This can be particularly beneficial for businesses with fluctuating demand or seasonal spikes in traffic. Additionally, cloud providers often offer a wide range of services and integrations, allowing customers to choose the services that best fit their needs and budget.
Overall, the features of colocation pricing and cloud pricing reflect the different needs and priorities of businesses. While colocation pricing can offer predictability and cost savings for businesses with high bandwidth or power requirements, cloud pricing offers flexibility, scalability, and a wide range of services and integrations.
Every business has different requirements and priorities when it comes to digital transformation. Consider factors such as scalability, security, reliability, and cost-effectiveness when choosing between colocation and cloud services.
Leverage the strengths of both colocation and cloud. Colocation can offer predictability and cost savings for businesses with high bandwidth or power requirements, while cloud services offer flexibility, scalability, and a wide range of services and integrations. Consider leveraging both to optimize your digital infrastructure.
Plan your migration carefully. Migrating to colocation or cloud services requires careful planning and execution. Assess your current infrastructure and identify the applications and workloads that are best suited for colocation or cloud services. Develop a migration plan that accounts for security, performance, and cost considerations.
Choose a reliable provider. When choosing a colocation or cloud provider, look for a reliable partner that can offer the services and support you need. Consider factors such as uptime, security, scalability, and customer support when making your decision.
Continuously monitor and optimize your infrastructure. Digital infrastructure is always dynamic, and businesses must constantly monitor and optimize their colocation and cloud services to ensure they are meeting their needs and goals. Regularly assess your usage and costs and make adjustments as needed to optimize your infrastructure and maximize your return on investment.